Asian Journal of Mathematics

Volume 17 (2013)

Number 4

Spacelike foliations by $(n - 1)$-umbilical hypersurfaces in spacetimes

Pages: 621 – 644



A. Gervasio Colares (Departamento de Matemática, Universidade Federal do Ceará, Fortaleza, Brazil)

Oscar Palmas (Departamento de Matemáticas, Facultad de Ciencias, UNAM, México)


We consider the problem of whether a given spacetime admits a foliation by $(n - 1)$-umbilical spacelike hypersurfaces. We introduce the notion of a timelike closed partially conformal vector field in a spacetime and show that the existence of a vector field of this kind guarantees in turn the existence of that foliation. We then construct explicit examples of families of $(n - 1)$-umbilical spacelike hypersurfaces in the de Sitter space. Imposing the further condition of having constant $r$-th mean curvature, we give the complete description of any leaf of a foliation of the de Sitter space by these hypersurfaces. Finally, in a spacetime foliated by $(n - 1)$-umbilical spacelike hypersurfaces we characterize the immersed spacelike hypersurfaces which are $(n - 1)$-umbilical.


closed partially conformal vector field, $(n - 1)$-umbilical spacelike hypersurface

2010 Mathematics Subject Classification

Primary 53C12. Secondary 53A10.

Published 27 December 2013