Advances in Theoretical and Mathematical Physics

Volume 18 (2014)

Number 4

The phase space for the Einstein-Yang-Mills equations and the first law of black hole thermodynamics

Pages: 799 – 825



Stephen McCormick (School of Science and Technology, University of New England, Armidale, Australia)


We use the techniques of Bartnik [5] to show that the space of solutions to the Einstein-Yang-Mills constraint equations on an asymptotically flat manifold with one end and zero boundary components, has a Hilbert manifold structure; the Einstein-Maxwell system can be considered as a special case. This is equivalent to the property of linearisation stability, which was studied in depth throughout the 70s [1, 2, 9, 11, 13, 18, 19].

This framework allows us to prove a conjecture of Sudarsky and Wald [22], namely that the validity of the first law of black hole thermodynamics is a suitable condition for stationarity. Since we work with a single end and no boundary conditions, this is equivalent to critical points of the ADM mass subject to variations fixing the Yang-Mills charge corresponding exactly to stationary solutions. The natural extension to this work is to prove the second conjecture from [22], which is the case where an interior boundary is present; this will be addressed in future work.

Published 11 November 2014