Advances in Theoretical and Mathematical Physics
Volume 24 (2020)
Perturbation theory for critical points of causal variational principles
Pages: 563 – 619
The perturbation theory for critical points of causal variational principles is developed. We first analyze the class of perturbations obtained by multiplying the universal measure by a weight function and taking the push-forward under a diffeomorphism. Then the constructions are extended to convex combinations of such measures, leading to perturbation expansions for the mean and the fluctuation of the measure, both being coupled in higher order perturbation theory. It is explained how our methods and results apply to the causal action principle for causal fermion systems. It is shown how the perturbation expansion in the continuum limit and the effect of microscopic mixing are recovered in specific limiting cases.
Published 19 August 2020