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# Communications in Analysis and Geometry

## Volume 17 (2009)

### Number 3

### The smallest Dirac eigenvalue in a spin-conformal class and cmc immersions

Pages: 429 – 479

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4310/CAG.2009.v17.n3.a2

#### Author

#### Abstract

Let us fix a conformal class $[g_0]$ and a spin structure $\si$ ona compact manifold $M$. For any $g\in [g_0]$, let $\la^+_1(g)$be the smallest positive eigenvalue of the Dirac operator $D$ on $(M,g,\si)$.In a previous article we have shown that $\[\lammin(M,g_0,\si):=\inf_{g\in [g_0]}\, \la_1^+(g)\vol(M,g)^{1/n}>0.\]$In the present article, we enlarge the conformal class by adding certain singular metrics. We will show that if $\lammin(M,g_0,\si) lt \lammin(S^n)$, then the infimum is attained on the enlarged conformal class. For proving this, we solve a system of semi-linear partial differential equations involving a nonlinearity with critical exponent:$\[D\phi= \la |\phi|^{2/(n-1)}\phi.\]$The solution of this problem has many analogies to the solution of the Yamabe problem. However, our reasoning is more involved than in the Yamabe problemas the eigenvalues of the Dirac operator tend to $+\infty$ and $-\infty$.

Using the spinorial Weierstraß representation, the solution of this equation in dimension 2 shows the existence of many periodic constant mean curvature surfaces.