Communications in Information and Systems

Volume 3 (2003)

Number 2

Analysis of two-class discrete packet queues with homogenous arrivals and prioritized service

Pages: 101 – 118



Hamed Nassar (Faculty of Computers and Informatics, Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt)

Yasser Fouad (Suez Computer Institute, Suez, Egypt)


In this article we analyze the system occupancy of a discrete time queue of packets, where each packet is either of class-1 or of class-2, with class-1 receiving higher service priority than class-2. Such a queue is naturally formed in many computer and digital communications systems, e.g. multiuser computers, multiprocessing computers, file servers, ATM multiplexers, and ATM switches, when the packet sources are multimedia applications. The analysis considers both priority disciplines, nonpreemptive and preemptive, and identifies the relation between them. It demonstrates mathematically the intuitive fact that when service time is deterministically 1 slot, both priority disciplines result in the same system occupancy. The analysis is carried out under the assumption that the service time is geometric, and that the packets arrive in batches of general size, at the rate of one batch per slot. These batches are homogeneous in the sense that each batch is either totally of class-1 packets or totally of class-2 packets. Two special cases are given at the end where the batch size is assumed once binomial and once Poisson.


multimedia, ATM, nonpreemptive and preemptive priority, discrete queueing, system occupancy

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