Dynamics of Partial Differential Equations
Volume 6 (2009)
Hylomorphic solitons in the nonlinear Klein-Gordon equation
Pages: 311 – 334
Roughly speaking a solitary wave is a solution of a field equation whose energy travels as a localised packet and which preserves this localisation in time. A soliton is a solitary wave which exhibits some strong form of stability so that it has a particle-like behaviour. In this paper we show a new mechanism which might produce solitary waves and solitons for a large class of equations, such as the nonlinear Klein-Gordon equation. We show that the existence of these kind of solitons, that we have called hylomorphic solitons, depends on a suitable energy/charge ratio. We show a variational method that allows to prove the existence of hylomorphic solitons and that turns out to be very useful for numerical applications. Moreover we introduce some classes of nonlinearities which admit hylomorphic solitons of different shapes and with different relations between charge, energy and frequency.
hylomorphic solitons, nonlinear Klein-Gordon equation
2010 Mathematics Subject Classification