Mathematical Research Letters

Volume 10 (2003)

Number 5

Square summability of variations of $g$-functions and uniqueness of $g$-measures

Pages: 587 – 601



Anders Johansson (University of Gävle)

Anders Öberg (Uppsala University)


We prove uniqueness of $g$-measures for $g$-functions satisfying quadratic summability of variations. Our result is in contrast to the situation of, \eg, the one-dimensional Ising model with long-range interactions, since $\ell_1$-summability of variations is required for general potentials. We illustrate this difference with some examples. To prove our main result we use a product martingale argument. We also give conditions for uniqueness of general $G$-measures, \ie, the case for general potentials, based on our investigation of the probabilistic case involving $g$-functions.

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