Pure and Applied Mathematics Quarterly

Volume 17 (2021)

Number 1

CMC foliations of open spacetimes asymptotic to open Robertson–Walker spacetimes

Pages: 269 – 347

DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.4310/PAMQ.2021.v17.n1.a8

Author

Claus Gerhardt (Ruprecht-Karls-Universität, Institut für Angewandte Mathematik, Heidelberg, Germany)

Abstract

We consider open globally hyperbolic spacetimes $N$ of dimension $n + 1, n \geq 3$, which are spatially asymptotic to a Robertson–Walker spacetime or an open Friedmann universe with spatial curvature $\tilde{\kappa} = 0, -1$ and prove, under reasonable assumptions, that there exists a unique foliation by spacelike hypersurfaces of constant mean curvature and that the mean curvature function $\tau$ is a smooth time function if $N$ is smooth. Moreover, among the Friedmann universes which satisfy the necessary conditions are those that reflect the present assumptions of the development of the universe.

Keywords

Lorentzian manifold, mass, cosmological spacetime, general relativity, inverse mean curvature flow, ARW spacetimes

2010 Mathematics Subject Classification

35J60, 53C21, 53C44, 53C50, 58J05

The full text of this article is unavailable through your IP address: 34.236.134.129

Received 6 March 2020

Accepted 25 August 2020

Published 11 April 2021