Asian Journal of Mathematics
Volume 21 (2017)
Betti numbers of random nodal sets of elliptic pseudo-differential operators
Pages: 811 – 840
Given an elliptic self-adjoint pseudo-differential operator $P$ bounded from below, acting on the sections of a Riemannian line bundle over a smooth closed manifold $M$ equipped with some Lebesgue measure, we estimate from above, as $L$ grows to infinity, the Betti numbers of the vanishing locus of a random section taken in the direct sum of the eigenspaces of $P$ with eigenvalues below $L$. These upper estimates follow from some equidistribution of the critical points of the restriction of a fixed Morse function to this vanishing locus. We then consider the examples of the Laplace–Beltrami and the Dirichlet-to-Neumann operators associated to some Riemannian metric on $M$.
pseudo-differential operator, random nodal sets, random matrix
2010 Mathematics Subject Classification
Primary 34L20, 58J40. Secondary 60B20, 60D05.
Received 15 December 2015
Accepted 21 March 2016
Published 9 February 2018