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# Advances in Theoretical and Mathematical Physics

## Volume 21 (2017)

### Number 8

### Topological orders and factorization homology

Pages: 1845 – 1894

DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.4310/ATMP.2017.v21.n8.a1

#### Authors

#### Abstract

In the study of 2d (the space dimension) topological orders, it is well-known that bulk excitations are classified by unitary modular tensor categories. But these categories only describe the local observables on an open 2-disk in the long wave length limit. For example, the notion of braiding only makes sense locally. It is natural to ask how to obtain global observables on a closed surface. The answer is provided by the theory of factorization homology. We compute the factorization homology of a closed surface $\Sigma$ with the coefficient given by a unitary modular tensor category, and show that the result is given by a pair $(\mathbf{H}, u_{\Sigma})$, where $\mathbf{H}$ is the category of finite-dimensional Hilbert spaces and $u_{\Sigma} \in \mathbf{H}$ is a distinguished object that coincides precisely with the Hilbert space assigned to the surface $\Sigma$ in Reshetikhin–Turaev TQFT. We also generalize this result to a closed stratified surface decorated by anomaly-free topological defects of codimension $0,1,2$. This amounts to compute the factorization homology of a stratified surface with a coefficient system satisfying an anomaly-free condition.

Published 29 March 2018