Advances in Theoretical and Mathematical Physics

Volume 22 (2018)

Number 7

Higher length-twist coordinates, generalized Heun’s opers, and twisted superpotentials

Pages: 1713 – 1822



Lotte Hollands (Maxwell Institute for Mathematical Sciences and Department of Mathematics, Heriot-Watt University, Riccarton, Currie, United Kingdom)

Omar Kidwai (Mathematical Institute, University of Oxford, United Kingdom)


In this paper we study a proposal of Nekrasov, Rosly and Shatashvili that describes the effective twisted superpotential obtained from a class $S$ theory geometrically as a generating function in terms of certain complexified length-twist coordinates, and extend it to higher rank. First, we introduce a higher rank analogue of Fenchel-Nielsen type spectral networks in terms of a generalized Strebel condition. We find new systems of spectral coordinates through the abelianization method and argue that they are higher rank analogues of the Nekrasov–Rosly–Shatashvili Darboux coordinates. Second, we give an explicit parametrization of the locus of opers and determine the generating functions of this Lagrangian subvariety in terms of the higher rank Darboux coordinates in some specific examples. We find that the generating functions indeed agree with the known effective twisted superpotentials. Last, we relate the approach of Nekrasov, Rosly and Shatashvili to the approach using quantum periods via the exact WKB method.

Published 18 June 2019