Advances in Theoretical and Mathematical Physics
Volume 25 (2021)
Twisted gauge fields
Pages: 1389 – 1447
We propose a generalisation of the notion of associated bundles to a principal bundle constructed via group action cocycles rather than representations of the structure group. We devise a notion of connection generalising Ehresmann connection on principal bundles, giving rise to the appropriate covariant derivative on sections of these twisted associated bundles (and on twisted tensorial forms). We study the action of the group of vertical automorphisms on the objects introduced (active gauge transformations).We also provide the gluing properties of the local representatives (passive gauge transformations). The latter are generalised gauge fields: They satisfy the gauge principle of physics, but are of a different geometric nature than standard Yang–Mills fields.We also examine the conditions under which this new geometry coexists and mixes with the standard one. We show that (standard) conformal tractors and Penrose’s twistors can be seen as simple instances of this general picture. We also indicate that the twisted geometry arises naturally in the definition and study of anomalies in quantum gauge field theory.
This work was supported by the Fonds de la Recherche Scientifique - FNRS under the grant PDR n0 T.0022.19.
Published 24 June 2022