Advances in Theoretical and Mathematical Physics

Volume 26 (2022)

Number 1

On 5D SCFTs and their BPS quivers. Part I: B-branes and brane tilings

Pages: 37 – 142



Cyril Closset (Mathematical Institute, University of Oxford, United Kingdom)

Michele Del Zotto (Department of Mathematical Sciences, and Centre for Particle Theory, Durham University, Durham, United Kingdom)


We study the spectrum of BPS particles on the Coulomb branch of five-dimensional superconformal field theories (5d SCFTs) compactified on a circle. By engineering these theories in M‑theory on $\mathbf{X} \times S^1$, for $\mathbf{X}$ an isolated Calabi–Yau threefold singularity, we naturally identify the BPS category of the 5d theory on a circle with the derived category of coherent sheaves on a resolution of $\mathbf{X}$. It follows that the BPS spectrum can be studied in terms of 5d BPS quivers, which are the fractional-brane quivers for the singularity $\mathbf{X}$. 5d BPS quivers generalize the well-studied 4d BPS quivers for 4d $\mathcal{N}=2$ gauge theories that can be obtained from $\mathbf{X}$ in so-called geometric engineering limits. We study the interplay between 4d and 5d BPS quivers in detail. We particularly focus on examples when $\mathbf{X}$ is a toric singularity, in which case the 5d BPS quiver is given in terms of a brane tiling. For instance, the well-studied $Y^{p,q}$ brane tiling gives a 5d BPS quiver for the $SU(p)_q$ 5d gauge theory. We present a conjecture about the structure of the BPS spectra of a wide class of models, which we test in the simple case of the 5d $SU(2)_0$ theory (more precisely, the $E_1$ SCFT). We also argue that 5d UV dualities can be realized in terms of mutation sequences on the BPS quivers, which are in turn interpreted as autoequivalences of the BPS category.

Published 21 October 2022