Advances in Theoretical and Mathematical Physics

Volume 26 (2022)

Number 2

Single-valued hyperlogarithms, correlation functions and closed string amplitudes

Pages: 455 – 530



Pierre Vanhove (Institut de Physique Théorique, CEA, IPhT, Gif-sur-Yvette, France; and National Research University Higher School of Economics, Russian Federation)

Federico Zerbini (Institut de Physique Théorique, CEA, IPhT, Gif-sur-Yvette, France; and CNRS, URA 2306, Gif-sur-Yvette, France)


We give new proofs of a global and a local property of the integrals which compute closed string theory amplitudes at genus zero. Both kinds of properties are related to the newborn theory of singlevalued periods, and our proofs provide an intuitive understanding of this relation. The global property, known in physics as the KLT formula, is a factorisation of the closed string integrals into products of pairs of open string integrals. We deduce it by identifying closed string integrals with special values of single-valued correlation functions in two dimensional conformal field theory, and by obtaining their conformal block decomposition. The local property is of number theoretical nature.We write the asymptotic expansion coefficients as multiple integrals over the complex plane of special functions known as single-valued hyperlogarithms. We develop a theory of integration of single-valued hyperlogarithms, and we use it to demonstrate that the asymptotic expansion coefficients belong to the ring of single-valued multiple zeta values.

Published 27 December 2022