Communications in Analysis and Geometry

Volume 14 (2006)

Number 1

Mass endomorphism and spinorial Yamabe type problems on conformally flat manifolds

Pages: 163 – 182



Bernd Ammann

Emmanuel Humbert

Bertrand Morel


1Let $M$ be a compact manifold equipped with a Riemannian metric $g$ and a spin structure $\si$. We let $\lamin (M,[g],\si)= \inf_{\tilde{g} \in [g] } \lambda_1^+(\tilde{g}) Vol(M,\tilde{g})^{1/n} $ where $\lambda_1^+(\tilde{g})$ is the smallest positive eigenvalue of the Dirac operator $D$ in the metric $\tilde{g}$. A previous result stated that $\lamin(M,[g],\si) \leq \lamin(\mS^n) =\frac{n}{2} \om_n^{{1/n}}$ where $\om_n$ stands for the volume of the standard $n$-sphere. %The inequality is strict when $n \geq 7$ and $(M,g)$ is not conformally flat. In this paper, we study this problem for conformally flat manifolds of dimension $n \geq 2$ such that $D$ is invertible. E.g., we show that strict inequality holds in dimension $n\equiv 0,1,2\mod 4$ if a certain endomorphism does not vanish. Because of its tight relations to the ADM mass in General Relativity, the endomorphism will be called mass endomorphism. We apply the strict inequality to spin-conformal spectral theory and show that the smallest positive Dirac eigenvalue attains its infimum inside the enlarged volume-$1$-conformal class of $g$. %In dimension $n=2$, the minimizer of this problem provides periodic %immersions with constant mean curvature in ${\mR}^3$, ${\mS}^3$ and ${\mH}^3$.

Published 1 January 2006