Communications in Analysis and Geometry

Volume 26 (2018)

Number 5

Yamabe classification and prescribed scalar curvature in the asymptotically Euclidean setting

Pages: 1127 – 1168



James Dilts (Department of Mathematics, University of California at San Diego)

David Maxwell (Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Alaska, Fairbanks, Ak., U.S.A.)


We prove a necessary and sufficient condition for an asymptotically Euclidean manifold to be conformally related to one with specified nonpositive scalar curvature: the zero set of the desired scalar curvature must have a positive Yamabe invariant, as defined in the article. We show additionally how the sign of the Yamabe invariant of a measurable set can be computed from the sign of certain generalized “weighted” eigenvalues of the conformal Laplacian. Using the prescribed scalar curvature result we give a characterization of the Yamabe classes of asymptotically Euclidean manifolds. We also show that the Yamabe class of an asymptotically Euclidean manifold is the same as the Yamabe class of its conformal compactification.

We would like to thank James Isenberg and Rafe Mazzeo for useful discussions. This research was partially supported by the NSF grant DMS-1263431. This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. 0932078 000 while the authors were in residence at the Mathematical Sciences Research Institute in Berkeley, California, during the fall of 2013.

Received 14 March 2015

Published 3 January 2019