Communications in Information and Systems
Volume 22 (2022)
Learning point cloud shapes with geometric and topological structures
Pages: 103 – 129
3D point cloud semantic analysis is challenging due to irregular locations and ill-posed sparse representations. In this study, we explore the intrinsic structures of point clouds, which assist convolutional neural networks in classification and segmentation tasks. The network is referred to as a geometric and topological structures based convolutional neural network (GTS-CNN). Firstly, the method extracts meaningful geometric adjacency for each surface point as well as the topological persistence information for the whole point cloud. Then the GTS-CNN processes this information with a multi-head mechanism. There are three branches within the network executing graph neighborhood message passing, point position-related inference, and persistence image feature embedding, respectively. In this way, an expressive descriptor is obtained with a combination of three kinds of features, leading to a robust and finely grained representation. Experiments on standard benchmarks, such as ModelNet40 and ShapeNet, show that our network achieves promising performance compared to state-of-the-art methods.
Received 15 July 2020
Published 7 February 2022