Mathematical Research Letters

Volume 18 (2011)

Number 3

Representations of unipotent groups over local fields and Gutkin’s conjecture

Pages: 539 – 557



Mitya Boyarchenko (University of Michigan, 530 Church Street, Ann Arbor, MI 48109–1043, USA)


Let $F$ be a finite field or a local field of \emph{any} characteristic. If $A$ is a finite dimensional associative nilpotent algebra over $F$, the set $1+A$ of all formal expressions of the form $1+x$, where $x\in A$, is a locally compact group with the topology induced by the standard one on $F$ and the multiplication $(1+x)\cdot(1+y)=1+(x+y+xy)$. We prove a result conjectured by E.~Gutkin in 1973: every unitary irreducible representation of $1+A$ can be obtained by unitary induction from a $1$-dimensional unitary character of a subgroup of the form $1+B$, where $B\subset A$ is an $F$-subalgebra. In the case where $F$ is local and nonarchimedean we also establish an analogous result for \emph{smooth} irreducible representations of $1+A$ over $\bC$ and show that every such representation is admissible and carries an invariant Hermitian inner product.

Published 20 May 2011