Mathematical Research Letters

Volume 23 (2016)

Number 6

Chain integral solutions to tautological systems

Pages: 1721 – 1736



An Huang (Department of Mathematics, Brandeis University, Waltham, Massachusetts, U.S.A.)

Bong H. Lian (Department of Mathematics, Brandeis University, Waltham, Massachusetts, U.S.A.)

Shing-Tung Yau (Department of Mathematics, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, U.S.A.)

Xinwen Zhu (Department of Mathematics, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, Calif., U.S.A.)


We give a new geometrical interpretation of the local analytic solutions to a differential system, which we call a tautological system $\tau$, arising from the universal family of Calabi–Yau hypersurfaces $Y_a$ in a $G$-variety $X$ of dimension $n$. First, we construct a natural topological correspondence between relative cycles in $H_n (X - Y_a , \cup D - Y_a)$ bounded by the union of $G$-invariant divisors $\cup D$ in $X$ to the solution sheaf of $\tau$, in the form of chain integrals. Applying this to a toric variety with torus action, we show that in addition to the period integrals over cycles in $Y_a$, the new chain integrals generate the full solution sheaf of a GKZ system. This extends an earlier result for hypersurfaces in a projective homogeneous variety, whereby the chains are cycles [3, 7]. In light of this result, the mixed Hodge structure of the solution sheaf is now seen as the MHS of $H_n (X - Y_a , \cup D - Y_a)$. In addition, we generalize the result on chain integral solutions to the case of general type hypersurfaces. This chain integral correspondence can also be seen as the Riemann–Hilbert correspondence in one homological degree. Finally, we consider interesting cases in which the chain integral correspondence possibly fails to be bijective.

Accepted 5 February 2016

Published 21 February 2017