Statistics and Its Interface

Volume 10 (2017)

Number 4

Empirical likelihood bivariate nonparametric maximum likelihood estimator with right censored data and continuous covariate

Pages: 601 – 605



Jian-Jian Ren (University of Maryland, College Park, Md., U.S.A.)


Recently, Ren and Riddlesworth (2014) derived the empirical likelihood-based bivariate nonparametric maximum likelihood estimator (BNPMLE) $\hat{F}_n (t, z)$ for the bivariate distribution function $F_0 (t, z)$ of survival time $T$ and covariate variable $Z$ based on bivariate data where $T$ is subject to right censoring. They showed that such BNPMLE $\hat{F}_n (t, z)$ is a consistent estimator of $F_0 (t, z)$ when variable $Z$ is discrete. Despite all nice properties of the BNPMLE $\hat{F}_n (t, z)$ shown in Ren and Riddlesworth (2014), in this article we show that surprisingly such $\hat{F}_n (t, z)$ is not a consistent estimator when the covariate variable $Z$ is continuous. On the other hand, interestingly our simulation studies suggest that some remedy adjustments on $\hat{F}_n (t, z)$ based on the usual empirical likelihood treatments and the censoring mechanism may provide consistent estimators for $F_0 (t, z)$ with continuous covariate $Z$.


bivariate data, bivariate right censored data, empirical likelihood, maximum likelihood estimator, right censored data

2010 Mathematics Subject Classification

62G05, 62N02

Published 30 May 2017